Posts Tagged ‘First Aid’

First Aid for Sprain & Fractures

Sometimes its difficult to identify whether it is a sprain or fracture  medical advice should be taken in these situations .


 Sprain can be treated using  the simple  RICE procedure;

 Rest: Make the injured person lie down .

 Ice: Apply Ice on injured portion of body to reduce swelling .

 Comfortable : Make the person comfortable and relaxed .

 Elevation : Elevate the injured part a bit to make comfortable.


For fractures one  needs to visit hospital, but before visiting ,  make sure the injured person is  kept still and the injured portion of body is  supported by hands or being bandaged .fractur

Precautions  taken while providing first aid on injured area:

  • Do not massage the injured area .
  • Do not try to straighten the broken bone .
  • Do not move without support to broken bone .
  • Do not move joints above or below the fracture .
  • Do not give oral liquids or food  to injured person .

 For Open fractures :

  • First Control bleeding before treatment .
  • Clean and dress the wound or injured area .
  • Seek doctor’s advice .

 For open / closed fractures

  • Calm and relax  the person.
  • Immobilize the injured area .
  • Apply ice to reduce pain & swelling .
  •  Seek doctor’s advice .


First Aid Kit

First aid is the provision of initial care for an accidental injury. It is usually performed by a non-expert person who is present at site  to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed. Minor injuries may not require further medical care after first aid . It generally consists of a series of simple and in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques .

First aid kit should have the following.

  1. sterile gauze
  2. adhesive  tape & bandages in several shapes and  sizes              first-aid-kit
  3. elastic bandage
  4. antiseptic wipes
  5. antibacterial soap
  6. antibiotic cream (triple-antibiotic ointment)
  7. antiseptic solution (like hydrogen peroxide)
  8. hydrocortisone cream (1%)
  9. acetaminophen and ibuprofen
  10. extra prescription medications (if the family is going on vacation or while travelling)
  11. sharp scissors and tweezers
  12. safety pins
  13. disposable instant cold packs
  14. calamine lotion
  15. alcohol wipes or ethyl alcohol
  16. thermometer
  17. plastic gloves (at least 2 pairs)
  18. flashlight and extra batteries
  19. mouthpiece for administering CPR (can be obtained from your local Red Cross)
  20. your list of emergency phone numbers ( numbers for instant call to ambulance too)
  21. paracetamol
  22. First Aid manual


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